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Topics Homepage> Celebrities are positive role models

Celebrities are positive role models

PRO (5 assertions)

Define:

On Balance — All things considered

Celebrities — Widely recognized figures, that have appeared in the media

Positive — As defined by Merriam Webster: Not fictitious; real -- As defined by Dictionary.com: Existing -- As defined by the Free Dictionary (Farlex): Explicitly expressed -- As defined by The English Oxford Dictionary: With no possibility of doubt

Role Models—A person whose behavior is imitated by others

1. Assertion: To win the debate, the opposition must prove that in more cases than not, celebrities do not affect the behavior of the general public.

Reasoning: Judge, as proved by 4 separate reputable dictionaries, the definition of positive is unquestionably "existing." What this means is that this debate is arguing the affect of celebrities on behavior, and as the affirmation will undoubtedly prove, celebrities, more often than not, have a noticeable impact on people's behavior. The opposition will try to say that celebrities are a poor, morally incorrect influence on children. We as the affirmation in no way say that celebrities are good people. All we say, and all this debate is about, is that these figures that can be found all around us in society undoubtedly affect society, regardless of whether for better or for worse.

Evidence: The rules of the Middle School Public Debate Program, Dictionary.com, Merriam Webster Dictionary, The English Oxford Dictionary, and the Free Dictionary from Farlex

2. Assertion: People are bombarded with advertisements and media supporting opinions around the clock.

Reasoning: During the 2010 Midterm Elections, $4 Billion was spent. American TV ad spending is over $400 billion. Over 56 million newspapers are sold daily. 250 billion hours per year are spent watching television in America. The average child watches 166 hours of commercials in a year. Can the opposition truly say that no American is affected by the exorbitant amounts spent on advertisements and media?

Evidence: California State University, Northridge

3. Assertion: TV shows cause children to act out in classrooms while mimicking what they see on the shows they watch.

Reasoning: In a survey of almost 800 education staff in Britain, 66% said that Big Brother was the program that caused most poor behavior among pupils, closely followed by Little Britain at 61% and Eastenders at 43%. Staff says these programs led to general rudeness, such as answering back, mimicking, using retorts and TV catchphrases (mentioned by 88%), and swearing or using inappropriate language (mentioned by 82%). Aggressive behavior was mentioned by 74% of those surveyed, and sexually inappropriate behavior was mentioned by 43%. Obviously, mimicking catchphrases is just one example of how children are explicitly affected by the media and celebrities.

Evidence: A February 2009 survey by the Association of Teachers and Lecturers (ATL)

4. Assertion: Children look to celebrities as friends, and are influenced by them in everyday life

Reasoning: Celebrities have a strong influence over teens: 57% percent of the 13-18 age group say their purchases are influenced by celebrities, or endorsements by celebrities, compared with 21% of overall consumers. During teens’ growth process, they often rely on celebrities and images in popular culture to act as connectors to social acceptance, but also to help them define their own identity. 76% of 6-9 year olds called Donkey from the Shrek movies, "a good friend," 74% called Scooby Doo "a good friend," and 60% called Spongebob "a good friend." Obviously, children are looking to these celebrities to see how they should act.
Evidence: The Impact of Characters & Celebrities on Kids & Teens…Presented by:
E-Poll Market Research; July 27, 2006 - Teens and adults, age 13 to 49 sample size=1500 Children age 6 to 12 sample size=500


Assertions #5

CON (6 assertions)

Define

On Balance — All things considered

Celebrities — Any widely recognized figures that have appeared in the media, including politicians, terrorists, singers and athletes

Positive — Having a beneficial effect on children

Role Models — A person who should be imitated because of his or her moral standards

 

Burden: Judge, the proposition must prove this in order to win the debate. If they cannot adequately answer this simple question, then there is no possible way for them to prove their main idea of good celebrities, thus meaning that they should lose this debate.

1. The proposition must prove that the good a celebrity does outweighs the harm by a significant enough amount that it be deemed “positive”.

2. To name 19 celebrities who haven’t taken drugs or committed some time of immoral crime and would be famous enough for most of the kids in our country to know them. We’ve listed 18 incredibly famous celebrities already who’ve committed immoral and not-role-model-like behavior.

However, as we’ve already stated, it’s amazingly hard to counter drug abuse and making our children not want to succeed in school. This is a weight thing. These two serious, arguments, are worth more put together than all of the PRO’s. For these reasons, we should win this debate. Thank you.

 

Rebuttal To: Celebrities fess up to their bad actions

Assertion: The problems that celebrities have are all self-inflicted, so the problems are the celebrities fault in the first place. And celebrities don’t make “little” mistakes. They’re huge! And even if the celebrities admit that they were wrong, then we’re teaching kids that they can do anything as long as they say Sorry after committing their felony. But that’s not how it is in the real world.

 

Rebuttal To: Celebrities have perseverance and make their own money

Assertion: No…many are heirs and already start rich (EV) Paris Hilton

 

1. Assertion: Children look to celebrities as friends, and are influenced by them in everyday life.

Reasoning: Celebrities have a strong influence over teens: 57% percent of the 13-18 age group say their purchases are influenced by celebrities, or endorsements by celebrities, compared with 21% of overall consumers. During teens’ growth process, they often rely on celebrities and images in popular culture to act as connectors to social acceptance, but also to help them define their own identity. Children are looking to celebrities to imitate them, but not in a friendly way. Kids feel the need to fit in at school or in life, and so, will copy both the good and bad traits of their favorite celebrities. As we will prove, the bad outweighs the good by far.

Evidence: The Impact of Characters & Celebrities on Kids & Teens…Presented by:

E-Poll Market Research; July 27, 2006 - Teens and adults, age 13 to 49 sample size=1500 Children age 6 to 12 sample size=500

 

2. Assertion: TV shows cause children to act out in classrooms while mimicking what they see on the shows they watch.

Reasoning: In a survey of almost 800 education staff in Britain, 66% said that Big Brother was the program that caused most poor behavior among pupils, closely followed by Little Britain at 61% and Eastenders at 43%. Staff says these programs led to general rudeness, such as answering back, mimicking, using retorts and TV catchphrases (mentioned by 88%), and swearing or using inappropriate language (mentioned by 82%). Aggressive behavior was mentioned by 74% of those surveyed, and sexually inappropriate behavior was mentioned by 43%. Obviously, mimicking catchphrases is just one example of how children are explicitly affected by the media and celebrities.

Evidence: A February 2009 survey by the Association of Teachers and Lecturers (ATL)

3. Assertion: Teens use performance-enhancing drugs to emulate their professional athlete role models.

Reasoning: Greg Schwab, Principal at Mountlake Terrace High School (Mountlake Terrace, WA) and former University of Oregon offensive tackle football player, stated the following in his June 18, 2002 testimony for the hearing "Steroid Use in Professional Baseball and Anti-Doping Issues in Amateur Sports" before the US Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation Subcommittee on Consumer Affairs, Foreign Commerce, and Tourism:

"For many male high school athletes, pro athletes are major influences. They are the role models. They choose the jersey numbers of their favorite professional players. They emulate their training regimens. They emulate their style of play. And they are influenced by their drug use. When a professional athlete admits to using steroids, the message young athletes hear is not always the one that is intended. Young athletes often believe that steroid use by their role models gives them permission to use. That it is simply part of what one must do to become an elite athlete."

Reasoning 2: Gary Wadler, MD, Chairman of the World Anti-Doping Agency's (WADA) Prohibited List and Methods Sub-Committee, in his written statement for the Mar. 17, 2005 hearing on "Major League Baseball and the Use of Performance-Enhancing Drugs" before the US House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform, wrote: "Baseball, our national pastime, for better or for worse is a role model sport and likely contributes to the alarming abuse of anabolic steroids by teenagers. Just reflect on the enormous increase in sales of androstenedione (andro), the year after Mark McGuire broke Roger Maris' long standing home run record.

Reasoning 3: Jim Scherr, MBA, Chief Executive Officer of the US Olympic Committee (USOC), in his written testimony for the Feb. 27, 2008 hearing on "Drugs in Sports: Compromising the Health of Athletes and Undermining the Integrity of Competition" before US House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Commerce, Trade, and Consumer Protection, wrote:

"People, particularly young people, are educated as much by observing what happens in their world as what is presented in the classroom. And when it is disclosed that certain athlete role models have used banned substances to improve their performance, it sends a terrible message on many levels.

...Both children and adults are exposed to a constant barrage of advertising, news stories regarding how celebrities have used certain drugs to retain or renew their youth, and suggestions that certain exotic 'natural substances,' readily available in health food stores, offer a panacea for health, fitness and well-being. Such information often masks reports of the tragic consequences that can lead to depression, suicides, and the development of other fatal conditions, all of which appear to have resulted from the use of certain of these substances."

4. Assertion: Media portrayal of celebrities gives children false expectations of life and success

Reasoning: Elizabeth Farrar, a teacher surveyed by the ATL, said too many pupils believed academic success was "unnecessary" because they thought they would be able to make their fame and fortune easily on a reality TV show. "They believe that they are much more likely to achieve financial well-being through becoming a celebrity than through progression to higher education and a contributing career."

Reasoning 2: For another teacher quizzed in the survey, the media focuses on celebrities' negative behavior, encouraging underage drinking and anti-social behavior.

Reasoning 3: Julie Gilligan, from a middle school states, "I have seen and heard negative emulation of celebrity footballer/pop star language and behavior on the playground and in school…including disturbingly age-inappropriate 'acts' by young girls in school talent shows."

Evidence: 2009 ATL survey of teachers


Assertions #5, 6